Review article on the current state of tobacco research, Indexes, abstracts, bibliographies (used to locate a secondary source), http://www.lib.vt.edu/help/research/primary-secondary-tertiary.html, CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Examples of secondary sources include dictionaries, encyclopedias, textbooks, and books and articles that interpret or review research works. A primary source can also include laboratory measurements or field notes. Artifacts (coins, plant specimens, fossils, furniture, tools, clothing, all from the time under study), Internet communications on email, listservs, Journal articles published in peer-reviewed publications, Original Documents (birth certificate, will, marriage license, trial transcript), Proceedings of Meetings, conferences and symposia, Records of organizations, government agencies (annual report, treaty, constitution, government document), Survey Research (market surveys, public opinion polls), Works of art, architecture, literature, and music (paintings, sculptures, musical scores, buildings, novels, poems), Dictionaries, Encyclopedias (also considered tertiary), Indexes, Abstracts, Bibliographies (used to locate a secondary source), Journal articles (depending on the disciple can be primary), Magazine and newspaper articles (this distinction varies by discipline), Monographs, other than fiction and autobiography, https://eastcentral.libguides.com/worldgeography. Primary sources allow researchers to get as close as possible to original ideas, events, and empirical research as possible. Tertiary materials are usually a good source of data and facts presented with context to help you interpret a topic. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Editors then review and organize the material before publication. Primary sources do not provide an analysis of the topic. Secondary sources are good to find comparisons of different ideas and theories and to see how they may have changed over time. Examples of primary source materials vary by discipline. Encyclopedias are typically considered tertiary sources, but a study of how encyclopedias have changed on the Internet would use them as primary sources. When searching for information on a topic, it is important to understand the value of primary, secondary, and tertiary sources. A secondary source is generally one or more steps removed from the event or time period and are Tertiary sources in the sciences: are collections of primary and/or secondary sources. These tend to summarize the existing state of knowledge in a field at the time of publication. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. These sources describe or analyze the primary source. 3rd-party content including, but not limited to images and linked items, are subject to their own license terms. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. A source is either a primary, secondary, or tertiary material type depending on when it was created and its purpose and scope. summarizes, compares, critiques, or interprets the primary literature. The Santa Cruz Univeristy Library defines secondary sources as materials that “interpret, assign value to, conjecture upon, and draw conclusions about the events reported in primary sources.” These documents are a step away from the primary source. Tertiary Resources. Materials that discuss, explain, interpret, and analyze what the law is or what it should be. In the humanities and social sciences, primary sources are the direct evidence or first-hand accounts of events without secondary analysis or interpretation. Tertiary sources provide overviews of topics by synthesizing information gathered from other resources. The following are a list of examples of secondary sources in various disciplines: To know the difference between primary and secondary sources, check the lists below. Primary sources vary by discipline and can include historical and legal documents, eye witness accounts, results of an experiment, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, and art objects. A primary source is most often created during the time the events you are studying occurred, such as newspaper articles from the period, correspondence, diplomatic records, original research reports and notes, diaries etc. It is not always clear how to determine the material type of a source because it can vary by academic discipline or use. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Secondary Sources are items that interpret, critique, or analyze information, content, or findings of primary sources about a specific topic. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence.¹, ¹ Yale University Library, "Primary, secondary & tertiary sources" http://guides.library.yale.edu/content.php?pid=129904&sid=1196376. Every academic discipline has secondary sources. Such sources may include creative works, first hand or contemporary accounts of events, and the publication of the results of empirical observations or research.
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