The long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus auritus) has quite a few similarities to Brandt's hedgehog. It also lacks a widow's peak of spines on the crown of its head, giving it a very unique look. The Desert Hedgehog, Paraechinus aethiopicus, is one of the smallest hedgehog species in existence, with adults only reaching about 6 to 8 inches in length. The European hedgehog, or Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently referred to as the "common hedgehog". One interesting quirk about the Hugh's hedgehog is that it actively searches for food even during the daytime and during rainy weather. These four species are the Somali Hedgehog, the South African Hedgehog, the North African Hedgehog, and the Four-toed Hedgehog. It's also noted that this species is quite a fast runner due to its lighter, but still effective, needle protection. Southern African hedgehogs (Atelerix frontalis) are found in the southern parts of Africa including Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. The countries they inhabited are Europe and the Middle East, Central Asia, and Africa. So, what exactly are those 16 types of hedgehogs? With its widespread existence, there hasn't been a significant population decline. It’s important to look at the different types of hedgehogs when deciding what to purchase. They are also found in South-Eastern Russia, Korea, and China. Your email address will not be published. They can grow to up to a foot in length and live as long as 10 years. They live in dens, live to be about 6 years old, and generally don't weight more than a pound. The four-toed hedgehog, also known as the African pygmy hedgehog or Atelerix albiventris, is a very common species found throughout the central and eastern parts of Africa. These guys thrive in crop fields and savanna biomes but have been found in thickets, bushes, woodlands, grasslands, and even suburban gardens. They primarily live in sandy desert areas, but can also be found in mountainous regions with a lot of water. It has a much larger reach than the southern white-breasted hedgehog, too, spanning from Poland to Greece and all the way to Siberia. The most commonly-kept and bred hedgehog type by far is the African pygmy hedgehog. Hedgehogs are not naturally found in New Zealand and England; instead, they are imported. … Indian hedgehogs also dig burrows that around 18 inches long and use these as shelter from predators. Four-toed hedgehogs are a bit smaller than other species of hedgehogs, coming in around 8 to 10 inches long. Some states in the US or entire countries even ban the ownership of hedgehogs entirely! They can be found in the deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. They hibernate between October and April — almost half the year! European Hedgehog. Zach is a life-long pet owner and enthusiast. Only discovered as recently as 2018, this unique species can only be found on the slopes of Mt. Due to their long history of desert dwelling, they've developed kidneys that allow them to go a long time without water. The European hedgehog, or Erinaceus europaeus, is frequently referred to as the "common hedgehog". It features very large ears and darker fur and needles than other hedgehogs. (2020 Cost Breakdown), Hedgehogs for Sale: Best Places to Buy & Adopt Hedgehogs in 2020, Are Hedgehogs Nocturnal? While they are frequently compared to the long-eared hedgehog in mannerisms and appearance, there are a few differences that exist. Gaoligong in the Yunnan province of China. Hedgehogs are some of the most beloved animals that exist today. Each of these 16 species comes from Europe, Africa, or Asia and can either look very similar to different to other species. As you can see, there is a diverse array of different hedgehogs that exist today. some years ago I was a night worker at a feed mill nr Oswestry and heard a scratching sound outside.when I put theoutside light on and looke over the stone wall I saw the biggest hedgehog I had ever seen before it was about the size of large houshold cat I could see it clealy how it became as big as that is a mystery have no idea if had been a pet at sometime in the past but according to statistics they do not grow that big but this one did. This species does have a white spot on its chest, but it also differs from the previous two hedgehogs due to its slightly different jaw structure. One interesting quirk that this species of hedgehog has is its mating ritual. Their general color is a general black and brown mixture, but can appear blonde in some cases with leucistic forms. I live near Limoges in France. Color: Brown, white. Their unique, adorable appearance makes them a highly desired pet for a lot of people, and their docile personality really rounds things out. Where do they come from, what do they look like, and how different are they at their core? Required fields are marked *, Get exclusive pet tips, tricks, and fun stuff that we love :), About Contact Medical Disclaimer Terms Privacy. What Eats Hedgehogs? They're largely nocturnal and quite hesitant in nature, with the only aggressiveness occurring between two males. They're found throughout a good portion of the Middle East and the northern edge of Africa. The bare-bellied hedgehog, or Paraechinus nudiventris, was originally thought to be extremely rare and even extinct. They are one of the most popular types of domesticated hedgehogs sold as pets. We may earn commissions from the links within this post.. This means that the Indian Long-Eared hedgehog can handle both extreme heat and extreme cold much better than most hedgehogs. Easily recognizable by their white bellies, these hedgehogs were originally found in Eastern Europe, but have spread to Russia, Ukraine, and the Caucasus region. Despite their size, they are quite quick, but not as fast as long-eared hedgehogs. When threatened, they have been known to jump at predators spikes-first! Though they bear a similar name to a domesticated hedgehog, this different species is found only in the wild. – Somali Hedgehog. Found only in Somalia, these small hedgehogs have a white belly with brown or black legs. The first of our domesticated hedgehog breeds, the African Pygmy hedgehog is also known as the “four-toed hedgehog”. Smaller than European hedgehogs, when found in the wild this domesticated breed will often hibernate for short periods of time in summer and winter. 16 Different Types Of Hedgehogs 1. However, there has been a decline in their population in recent years, with an estimated fewer than a million hedgehogs living in Great Britain today. In fact, for a long time it was thought that these two species were simply one species. Endemic to Southeastern India, this rare species was long thought to be extinct. Over time, though, it has been observed becoming more omnivorous due to habitat loss.
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