We’ll also look at why a counter argument can be so powerful in logic, persuasion, and reasoning. You could use a rebuttal like this: It’s true that homework doesn’t take that much time, but that point has nothing to do with whether homework promotes learning. Although counter arguments are most frequently used in academic essays, they are most powerful when used in response to an argument presented in debate. In academic publishing, an author presents an argument in a paper, such as on a work of literature, stating why it should be seen in a particular light. A well-rounded, fair counter argument can often win a challenging debate or argument. To make a rebuttal argument, choose one of your text/sources you have found on your issue for the rebuttal argument. He has had family members die from alcohol related events and believes they might still … Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. However, there isn't irrefutable medical proof that it is a disease like diabetes, for instance. Claims in the argument that are without proof or are widely accepted without actual proof. Rebuttals that rely on facts are also more ethical than those that rely solely on emotion or diversion from the topic through personal attacks on the opponent. This is new evidence only and witnesses that contradict defense witness testimony. You can use an analytical counter argument, and point out that while their facts are correct, their analysis isn’t. For example, an essay arguing that certain parts of the countryside should be protected from commercial development might argue against itself by citing the benefits of development. Maybe the irate customer left out of the complaint the fact that she was inebriated and screaming at the top of her lungs when she was asked to leave the shop. Rebuttals can come into play during any kind of argument or occurrence where someone has to defend a position contradictory to another opinion presented. When you rebut or refute an opposing position, use the following three-part organization: The opponent’s argument: Usually, you should not assume that your reader has read or remembered the argument you are refuting. On the job, if a person has a complaint brought against him to the human resources department, that employee has a right to respond and tell his or her side of the story in a formal procedure, such as a rebuttal letter. Learn about the data you expect your opponent to cite, the reliability of their data, and the most persuasive arguments against it. The best way to start developing a counter argument is by exploring the topics you expect your opponent to discuss, and familiarizing yourself with the argument they are most likely to use. In the process of presenting counter arguments to your thesis, you may discover an argument that is both true and relevant. Make sure you introduce your counter argument using phrases like “It is argued that” or “It may seem as if”. As you prepare to defend your thesis or topic, rebuttal examples can help you create a persuasive argument. This gives you a chance to express your key points in advance of the counter argument and provide a rebuttal for your audience. Create an online video course, reach students across the globe, and earn money. It's both illustrative — a more personal way to talk about dry statistics — and an appeal to emotions. Counter-argument: This counter-argument works much in the same way as a research detail does. In this type of rebuttal, the key is to attack an assumption supporting the other argument. You could base a counter argument on facts, and argue that the opposing argument doesn’t use factually correct data. When evidence directly disproves your thesis, you should use it to modify, refine, and strengthen your thesis. A counter argument is any argument that is opposed to your thesis. The more points in the argument that you can dismantle, the more effective your rebuttal. Writing With Flair: How To Become An Exceptional Writer, Ninja Writing: The Four Levels Of Writing Mastery, 7 Lessons on Writing for Becoming a Standout Writer. Malaria is an infectious disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through female … In certain cases, counter arguments could target the relevance of an argument. In this type of rebuttal, the key is to attack an assumption supporting the other argument. He notes that "mocking, scoffing, hooting, or put-downs reflect poorly on your character and on your point of view. A rebuttal letter about the paper can find the flaws in the argument and evidence cited, and present contradictory evidence. You might rebut that argument this way: Yes, zoos do show animals in captivity; however, there’s not a logical connection between seeing animals in captivity and thinking of them as captives in all situations. Rebuttal Essay on “Needed: A License to Drink” “Needed: A License to Drink” is an essay written by Mike Brake. Evidence backing up the rebuttal position is key. Strictly speaking, the distinction between the two is that a rebuttal must provide evidence, whereas a refutation merely relies on a contrary opinion. David Hume Kennerly/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. A successful refutation may disprove evidence with reasoning, but rebuttals must present evidence. Identify any false assumptions your opponent is likely to use so that they are easy to spot during a debate. They also can be found in academic publishing, editorials, letters to the editor, formal responses to personnel matters, or customer service complaints/reviews. For example, a rebuttal may get four minutes after an argument is presented in eight. It allows you to answer common questions or rebuttals that your audience might have before they have a chance to raise them independently. Whether you’re writing an essay or debating, one of these examples may help you plan your rebuttal. Free time is important, but it has no bearing on learning. "If you disagree with a comment, explain the reason," says Tim Gillespie in "Doing Literary Criticism." In public affairs and politics, people can argue points in front of the local city council or even speak in front of their state government. In this arena, rebuttals don't make new arguments, just battle the positions already presented in a specific, timed format. Being able to formulate and write an effective counter argument is one of the most important skills anyone can possess. In debate, counter arguments are frequently used offensively – to undermine a point raised by an opponent – and to strengthen the argument you’re making by showing the flaws in any arguments against it. There have been no studies to indicate that video games cause violent behavior. They don’t appear to generalize from these settings, so there’s no reason to assume that seeing an animal in captivity means people always think of that species as a captive. For example, an opponent might argue that zoos should be banned because they encourage people to see animals as subjects in captivity. Because of this, forming a counter argument to common beliefs is a great way to learn about important issues. At the core of argument is critical thinking. In this case, using this counter argument is likely to damage your thesis more than it supports it. To prepare an effective rebuttal, you need to know your opponent's position thoroughly to be able to formulate the proper attacks and to find evidence that dismantles the validity of that viewpoint.
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