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history of poole

Major redevelopment projects began across the town in the 1960s. [3][7] As a result of this charter, Poole obtained the right to appoint a mayor, hold a court within town, and was granted an exemption from certain tolls and customs duties on goods from the Port. [72][74] A large number of unlicensed boats also operate charted or private angling excursions. [3] The Roman Emperor, Vespasian, brought the Second Augustan Legion to the harbour in 43 AD and founded Hamworthy, an area just west of the modern town centre. Find out more about this site . [123][124] A road link to Studland and the Isle of Purbeck across the narrow entrance of Poole Harbour is provided by the Sandbanks Ferry. [35], The arms were confirmed by the College of Arms on 19 June 1948, and at the same time, the crest (a mermaid supporting an anchor and holding a cannonball) was granted. [138] Poole's grammar schools were also the best performing for A-level results. The venue underwent an £8.5 million refurbishment in 2002, paid for by the Arts Council England, the Borough of Poole and private donations. [31] This year also saw the lifeboat station at Fisherman's Dock close for conversion into a lifeboat museum. [38], The harbour is the largest natural harbour in Europe and the second-largest natural harbour in the world after Sydney Harbour. Poole Museum. The Romans landed at Poole during their conquest of Britainin the 1st … Poole, in Dorset, and its port date back to Roman times. [34] The wavy bars of black and gold represent the sea and the dolphin is a sign of Poole's maritime interests. [16] The defence of the castle was led by Dame Mary Bankes, who had successfully defended the castle from siege in 1643. [119] Built in 1978, the centre contains a cinema, concert hall, studio, theatre, image lab and media suite and galleries featuring exhibitions of contemporary photography and modern digital art. The game of billiards a.k.a. [67], Since the 1970s, Poole has become one of Britain's busiest ports. From 1979 to 1984, Poole was part of the Single-member district of Wessex and was represented by Conservative Member of the European Parliament James Spicer. An apartment or flat costs on average £216,097, more than any other part of Dorset. [154] Edgar Wright, the director of films such as Shaun of the Dead, Hot Fuzz and The World's End was born in Poole and out of the five previous British winners of the Miss World title, two have hailed from Poole: Ann Sydney and Sarah-Jane Hutt. Poole History Online is a free online database of photographs, documents and data relating to the local history of the Borough of Poole. This website is managed by Poole Museum and updated by staff and volunteers. [90][91] The beaches are divided into four areas: Sandbanks, Shore Road, Canford Cliffs Chine and Branksome Chine. [79] Public artworks along the Quay include Sea Music – a large metal sculpture designed by Sir Anthony Caro, and a life-size bronze sculpture of Robert Baden-Powell created to celebrate the founding of the Scout Movement on Brownsea Island. With the silting up of the higher W. reaches of Poole Harbour it captured much of the important seaborne trade of Wareham. The town's name derives from the Old English words pool which means a place near a pool or creek and pol which was given to people who lived near a small body of water. [12] Trade with Newfoundland grew steadily to meet the demand for fish from the Catholic countries of Europe. [47], Due to its location on the south coast of England, Poole has a temperate climate with a small variation in daily and annual temperatures. For other uses, see, "Poole, England" redirects here. Consequently, a 15-acre (61,000 m2) Conservation Area was created in the town centre in 1975 to preserve some of Poole's most notable buildings. [36] The oldest part of the town (including the historic Old Town, Poole Quay and the Dolphin Shopping Centre) lies to the south-east of Holes Bay on a peninsula jutting into the harbour, although much of the land to the east of the peninsula has been reclaimed from the harbour since the mid-20th century. [5] This prosperity supported much of the development which now characterises the Old Town near the Quay. If you experience any problems, please see the help page. [57] Compared to the rest of England and Wales, Poole has an above-average number of residents aged over 65 (20.3%), but this is less than the Dorset average of 22.2%. [149], Waste management and recycling are co-ordinated by Poole Borough Council in partnership with Viridor. [114], The 'Beating of the bounds' is an ancient annual custom first carried out in 1612, which revives the traditional checking of the sea boundaries awarded to Poole by the Cinque Port of Winchelsea in 1364. [25] A US Coast Guard ensign is buried at St James' Church and a plaque on the quayside given by the United States Coast Guard commemorates the cutters departure for the Normandy Invasion and expresses appreciation for the kindness of the people of Poole to the crews. For local elections, 42 councillors were elected across 16 wards and elections take place every four years. Poole Bridge, a narrow bascule bridge constructed in 1927, connects the town centre and Hamworthy. [8] A Danish Viking army captured Wareham in 876 but they were besieged and defeated by a Saxon army led by Alfred the Great. Previously the town had been a parliamentary borough, electing two members of parliament from 1455 until 1865 when representation was reduced to one member. [108] Poole's other football teams are Hamworthy United, formed in 1970, and play in the Wessex Premier League, and the amateur team Poole Borough F.C. [4] In Anglo-Saxon times, Poole was included in the Kingdom of Wessex. The heathland habitat supports the six native British reptile species and provides a home for a range of dragonflies and rare birds. Find out more about this site. Poole's Newfoundland trade rapidly declined and within a decade most merchants had ceased trading. Upon the restoration of the monarchy Poole's defences were demolished on the orders of King Charles II. Poole had an estimated population of 151,500 (mid-2016 census estimates) making it the second-largest town in the ceremonial county of Dorset. The town now known as Poole was founded on a small peninsula to the north of the harbour. [64], The service sector is the principal economy of Poole; a large number of employees work for the service economy of residents or for tourists. At the 2015 general election, the Conservative candidate Michael Tomlinson gained the constituency from the Liberal Democrats with a majority of 10,530 and 50.8% of the vote. [58] The next-largest sector is those with no religion, at almost 16.23%, also above the UK average of 15.5%. Billiards began as a lawn game similar to the croquet played sometime during the 15th century in Northern Europe. History. [49] Mean sea surface temperatures range from 6.9 °C (44.4 °F) in February to 18.5 °C (65.3 °F) in August. [23] Marconi was able to receive radio signals in Poole sent from Alum Bay, Isle of Wight, 20 miles (32 km) away. The price of the book is £8-00 (p&p extra) and it can be purchased from: David Warhurst Tel: 01202 696295. At the turn of the 19th century, nine out of ten workers in Poole were engaged in harbour activities, but as the century progressed ships became too large for the shallow harbour and the port began losing business to the deep water ports at Liverpool, Southampton and Plymouth. [135] The Bournemouth and Poole College attracts over 16,000 students a year and is one of the largest further education colleges in the country and the leading provider of academic and vocational education in Dorset. [17] This prosperity supported much of the development which now characterises the Old Town where many of the medieval buildings were replaced with Georgian mansions and terraced housing. [43] Britain's largest onshore oil field operates from Wytch Farm on the south shore of the harbour. [21], During World War II, Poole was the third-largest embarkation point for D-Day landings of Operation Overlord and afterwards served as a base for supplies to the allied forces in Europe. However, the isolated hamlets of Knighton, Merley Hall and Ashington are 'washed over', and development is limited in these locations. Poole experienced rapid growth as it became an important port following the Norman Conquest of England. Published since 1900, the newspaper features news from Poole, Bournemouth and the surrounding area. The borough constituency of Poole has existed since 1950. A Grade II* listed building, the Guildhall was built in 1761 at a cost of £2,250. This is achieved by restricting inappropriate development within the designated areas and imposing stricter conditions on permitted building.[52]. Poole has the largest number of industrial estates in South East Dorset, including the Nuffield Industrial estate, Mannings Heath, Arena Business Park, Poole Trade Park and the Branksome Business Centre.

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